Key Facts about Yemen
Three and a half years of conflict have left 22.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance, 11.3 of which are in acute need. This increase is driven by a deterioration of the situation in key humanitarian sectors.
Food Security and Agriculture
17.8 million people in Yemen are food insecure. Out of this, approximately 8.4 million people are severely food insecure and at risk of starvation - a worrying increase of 24 per cent. The conflict has destroyed people’s livelihoods and reduced their purchasing power, making it difficult for many Yemenis to meet minimal food needs.
With only 50 per cent of health facilities fully functional, and a disruption of salaries paid to health personnel, 16.4 million people in Yemen require assistance to ensure adequate access to healthcare – 9.3 million of whom are in acute need.
The overriding humanitarian need is access to minimum healthcare for people whose lives are at risk due to illness or injury. The latest cholera outbreak has underscored the impact of the failing health system.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
An estimated 16 million Yemenis need humanitarian assistance to establish or maintain access to safe water, basic sanitation and hygiene facilities, out of which 11.6 million are in acute need. Collapsing urban water and sanitation systems, deteriorating water and sanitation conditions in rural areas, and lack of means to maintain personal hygiene and purchase safe drinking water all contributed to one of the worst cholera outbreaks.
Some 1.8 million children and 1.1 million pregnant or lactating women are acutely malnourished, including 400,000 children under the age 5 who are suffering from severe acute malnutrition. An estimated 7.5 million people are in need of nutrition assistance, with 2.9 million people who will require treatment for acute malnutrition in 2017.
Shelter and essential items
An estimated 5.4 million people need emergency shelter or essential household items, including IDPs, host communities and initial returnees. Ongoing conflict-related displacements, as well as initial returns to some areas, are driving these needs. 2.6 million people are in acute need of assistance.
With the increasing conflict, Yemen is one of the world’s largest protection crises. About 12.9 million people need assistance to protect their safety, dignity or basic rights, from violations of IHL, grave violations of children’s rights and gender-based violence.
Displacement and conflict has impacted vulnerable households and persons with specific needs, resulting in negative coping mechanisms and mounting psychosocial support needs. 4.9 million people are living in acutely affected areas.
The 2017/2018 school year started with a setback in the education process in 13 out of 22 governorates. This is due to the extended time of non-payment of salaries for teachers. Schools across the country are unfit for use due to conflict-related damage, hosting of IDPs, or occupation by armed groups. An estimated 4.1 million school-age children require assistance to continue their education.
Livelihoods and community resilience
Around 8 million conflict-affected individuals require livelihoods assistance to enhance their selfreliance to address basic needs and reduce dependency on relief assistance. Communities require support to promote resilience, including clearance of landmines and other explosives in up to 22 governorates.