Key Facts about Yemen
Six years of devastating conflict have caused widespread death, injury and other serious harm to hundreds of thousands of civilians, the destruction of critical civilian infrastructure and the displacement of over 4 million people. The impact of the conflict has been compounded by severe economic crisis, disease outbreaks and natural disasters, driving humanitarian need to staggering levels. Alarming levels of food insecurity and acute malnutrition have returned, driven largely by conflict, a significant drop in humanitarian funding and an economic downturn exacerbated by COVID-19.
The protracted crisis in Yemen has had a devastating impact on most of the population. Of the estimated 20.7 million people, two-thirds of the population, who require some form of humanitarian assistance and protection support, 4.6 million are women, 5.5 million are girls, 4.7 million are men, and 5.7 million are boys. Of the total number in need, 1.8 million are pregnant and lactating women, 2.8 million are children under five years old, 3.1 million are people with disabilities and 925,420 are older people above 60 years of age. A total of 12.1 million people are in acute need. This high level of need, which affects vulnerable groups disproportionately, is a result of a severe deterioration in living standards, physical and mental well-being and coping capacity caused by the crisis in Yemen.
Protracted crisis has reduced access to safe and dignified health services and WASH services and to essential infrastructure, with a corresponding effect on living standards. The majority of households lack soap and cannot treat water at home due to lack of supplies.36 Almost 3 million individuals have severe shelter- and non-food item-related needs; many lack essential items such as blankets, mattresses and sleeping mats.37 Poor living conditions expose populations to disease, compounding physical and mental well-being challenges. In 2020, a total of 51,455 suspected dengue fever cases and 229,877 suspected cholera cases were reported.38 With a struggling health system, a dearth of health workers and a lack of facilities capable of providing basic obstetric and other care, challenges to living standards and physical and mental well-being are severe. The cumulative effect of these challenges is a widespread decline in physical and mental well-being, which forces vulnerable Yemenis to adopt harmful coping mechanisms.
more than half of the country lives in areas with severity rankings of three, four and five (severe, extreme and catastrophic). A total of 65 of Yemen’s 333 districts are categorized as catastrophic severity (severity ranking five), 164 are categorized as extreme severity (severity ranking four), and 103 are categorized as severe severity (severity ranking three). Conflict is driving needs throughout the country, with the highest severity of needs in areas close to front lines.
Yemen in number
Sector People in need
Food Security & Agriculture (FSAC) 16.2 M
Nutrition 7.6 M
Health 20.1 M
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) 15.4 M
Education 8.1 M
Protection 15.8 M
Shelter/ Non-Food-Items (NFI) 7.3 M